hg log

show revision history of entire repository or files



hg log [OPTION]... [FILE]


Print the revision history of the specified files or the entire project.

If no revision range is specified, the default is tip:0 unless --follow is set, in which case the working directory parent is used as the starting revision.

File history is shown without following rename or copy history of files. Use -f/--follow with a filename to follow history across renames and copies. --follow without a filename will only show ancestors of the starting revision.

By default this command prints revision number and changeset id, tags, non-trivial parents, user, date and time, and a summary for each commit. When the -v/--verbose switch is used, the list of changed files and full commit message are shown.

With --graph the revisions are shown as an ASCII art DAG with the most recent changeset at the top. 'o' is a changeset, '@' is a working directory parent, '_' closes a branch, 'x' is obsolete, '*' is unstable, and '+' represents a fork where the changeset from the lines below is a parent of the 'o' merge on the same line. Paths in the DAG are represented with '|', '/' and so forth. ':' in place of a '|' indicates one or more revisions in a path are omitted.

Use -L/--line-range FILE,M:N options to follow the history of lines from M to N in FILE. With -p/--patch only diff hunks affecting specified line range will be shown. This option requires --follow; it can be specified multiple times. Currently, this option is not compatible with --graph. This option is experimental.


hg log --patch may generate unexpected diff output for merge changesets, as it will only compare the merge changeset against its first parent. Also, only files different from BOTH parents will appear in files:.


For performance reasons, hg log FILE may omit duplicate changes made on branches and will not show removals or mode changes. To see all such changes, use the --removed switch.


The history resulting from -L/--line-range options depends on diff options; for instance if white-spaces are ignored, respective changes with only white-spaces in specified line range will not be listed.

Some examples:

  • changesets with full descriptions and file lists:

    hg log -v
  • changesets ancestral to the working directory:

    hg log -f
  • last 10 commits on the current branch:

    hg log -l 10 -b .
  • changesets showing all modifications of a file, including removals:

    hg log --removed file.c
  • all changesets that touch a directory, with diffs, excluding merges:

    hg log -Mp lib/
  • all revision numbers that match a keyword:

    hg log -k bug --template "{rev}\n"
  • the full hash identifier of the working directory parent:

    hg log -r . --template "{node}\n"
  • list available log templates:

    hg log -T list
  • check if a given changeset is included in a tagged release:

    hg log -r "a21ccf and ancestor(1.9)"
  • find all changesets by some user in a date range:

    hg log -k alice -d "may 2008 to jul 2008"
  • summary of all changesets after the last tag:

    hg log -r "last(tagged())::" --template "{desc|firstline}\n"
  • changesets touching lines 13 to 23 for file.c:

    hg log -L file.c,13:23
  • changesets touching lines 13 to 23 for file.c and lines 2 to 6 of main.c with patch:

    hg log -L file.c,13:23 -L main.c,2:6 -p

See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

See hg help revisions for more about specifying and ordering revisions.

See hg help templates for more about pre-packaged styles and specifying custom templates. The default template used by the log command can be customized via the ui.logtemplate configuration setting.

Returns 0 on success.


-f, --follow follow changeset history, or file history across copies and renames
--follow-first only follow the first parent of merge changesets (DEPRECATED)
-d, --date <DATE>
 show revisions matching date spec
-C, --copies show copied files
-k, --keyword <TEXT[+]>
 do case-insensitive search for a given text
-r, --rev <REV[+]>
 show the specified revision or revset
-L, --line-range <FILE,RANGE[+]>
 follow line range of specified file (EXPERIMENTAL)
--removed include revisions where files were removed
-m, --only-merges
 show only merges (DEPRECATED)
-u, --user <USER[+]>
 revisions committed by user
--only-branch <BRANCH[+]>
 show only changesets within the given named branch (DEPRECATED)
-b, --branch <BRANCH[+]>
 show changesets within the given named branch
-P, --prune <REV[+]>
 do not display revision or any of its ancestors
-p, --patch show patch
-g, --git use git extended diff format
-l, --limit <NUM>
 limit number of changes displayed
-M, --no-merges
 do not show merges
--stat output diffstat-style summary of changes
-G, --graph show the revision DAG
--style <STYLE>
 display using template map file (DEPRECATED)
-T, --template <TEMPLATE>
 display with template
-I, --include <PATTERN[+]>
 include names matching the given patterns
-X, --exclude <PATTERN[+]>
 exclude names matching the given patterns

[+] marked option can be specified multiple times