hg commit

commit the specified files or all outstanding changes



hg commit [OPTION]... [FILE]...


Commit changes to the given files into the repository. Unlike a centralized SCM, this operation is a local operation. See hg push for a way to actively distribute your changes.

If a list of files is omitted, all changes reported by hg status will be committed.

If you are committing the result of a merge, do not provide any filenames or -I/-X filters.

If no commit message is specified, Mercurial starts your configured editor where you can enter a message. In case your commit fails, you will find a backup of your message in .hg/last-message.txt.

The --close-branch flag can be used to mark the current branch head closed. When all heads of a branch are closed, the branch will be considered closed and no longer listed.

The --amend flag can be used to amend the parent of the working directory with a new commit that contains the changes in the parent in addition to those currently reported by hg status, if there are any. The old commit is stored in a backup bundle in .hg/strip-backup (see hg help bundle and hg help unbundle on how to restore it).

Message, user and date are taken from the amended commit unless specified. When a message isn't specified on the command line, the editor will open with the message of the amended commit.

It is not possible to amend public changesets (see hg help phases) or changesets that have children.

See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

Returns 0 on success, 1 if nothing changed.


  • commit all files ending in .py:

    hg commit --include "set:**.py"
  • commit all non-binary files:

    hg commit --exclude "set:binary()"
  • amend the current commit and set the date to now:

    hg commit --amend --date now


-A, --addremove
 mark new/missing files as added/removed before committing
--close-branch mark a branch head as closed
--amend amend the parent of the working directory
-s, --secret use the secret phase for committing
-e, --edit invoke editor on commit messages
-i, --interactive
 use interactive mode
-I, --include <PATTERN[+]>
 include names matching the given patterns
-X, --exclude <PATTERN[+]>
 exclude names matching the given patterns
-m, --message <TEXT>
 use text as commit message
-l, --logfile <FILE>
 read commit message from file
-d, --date <DATE>
 record the specified date as commit date
-u, --user <USER>
 record the specified user as committer
-S, --subrepos recurse into subrepositories

[+] marked option can be specified multiple times