removes files not tracked by Mercurial:

hg purge [OPTION]... [DIR]...

Delete files not known to Mercurial. This is useful to test local and uncommitted changes in an otherwise-clean source tree.

This means that purge will delete the following by default:

  • Unknown files: files marked with "?" by hg status
  • Empty directories: in fact Mercurial ignores directories unless they contain files under source control management

But it will leave untouched:

  • Modified and unmodified tracked files
  • Ignored files (unless --all is specified)
  • New files added to the repository (with hg add)

The --files and --dirs options can be used to direct purge to delete only files, only directories, or both. If neither option is given, both will be deleted.

If directories are given on the command line, only files in these directories are considered.

Be careful with purge, as you could irreversibly delete some files you forgot to add to the repository. If you only want to print the list of files that this program would delete, use the --print option.


-a, --abort-on-err
 abort if an error occurs
--all purge ignored files too
--dirs purge empty directories
--files purge files
-p, --print print filenames instead of deleting them
-0, --print0 end filenames with NUL, for use with xargs (implies -p/--print)
-I, --include <PATTERN[+]>
 include names matching the given patterns
-X, --exclude <PATTERN[+]>
 exclude names matching the given patterns

[+] marked option can be specified multiple times

aliases: clean